www.ashtead.org | All things Ashtead | Ashtead Village

Ashteadvillage

Photo of Ashtead Village sign at one entrance to village Ashtead (homestead among the ash trees) is a village in Surrey (Old English "Suthrige" or "Suthrea": south [of] river [Thames], Saxon "Sudergeona": southern region) in England. It lies about 18 miles south of London; between Epsom and Leatherhead, not far from the Epsom Race Course. Ashtead is very close to junction 9 of the M25 (London orbital Motorway) and has good rail connections to London, Guildford and Horsham. Ashtead is recognised as comprising 'the Village' to the south and 'Lower Ashtead' to the north. The Village incorporates many of the larger detached houses, the main shopping area either side of the busy A24 and Ashtead Park where St Giles' Church is situated. Lower Ashtead is more densely populated with the majority of houses being semi-detached (Duplex to those who understand American-English). The railway station, common, pond, Youth Centre and 2 parades of shops are all situated here together with the newer St George's Church, as well as the Roman Catholic and Baptist Churches.

Ashtead is mainly a middle class, owner-occupied, area. There are very few starter homes and the community lacks the independent younger element. There are a substantial number of public and private retirement and nursing homes as well as a private hospital. Many people commute out of Ashtead to work either by train, mainly to London, or by car, the M25 being so close.

Ashtead still considers itself to be a village despite having a population of some 15,000. In 2003 the village grew slightly because the local parish boundaries had been set when the A24 was little more than a country lane and long before the M25 cut a swathe through this part of Surrey. After discussions with neighbouring Leatherhead PCC it was agreed that the motorway was a more logical and tangible boundary than an arbitrary line on a piece of paper. And so the Ashtead Parish was enlarged to include all the properties up to the M25, including Downsend, St Andrew's and St Peter's Schools, Grange Road, Ermyn Way and the new houses in Quarry Gardens. There are still sufficient shops to serve the local needs but there is the inevitable shift to out of town shopping. Ashtead is self contained in respect of doctors, dentists and community help including a health clinic and library. There are a wealth of local organisations many of which meet in the Peace Memorial Hall which was built after the first world war for the community. We have a wide variety of Ashtead Pubs, Restaurants, Cafés and Take-aways

The schools are a mixture of state and private, ranging from infants to senior. They are well supported by parents and boast a good standard of facilities and examination results. There are many pre-school playgroups, all very popular.

Ashtead is an old village. It has certainly been inhabited since at least the Iron Age. There was a Roman Villa with clay pits and a tileworks. From which there was a short road to Stane Street - the main Roman Road from Chichester to London.

The first AA sentry box was installed here in 1911.

 
Over the years Ashtead has been known under a variety of spellings.
Stede (its Saxon name) is the one recorded in the Domesday Book (1086).
Estede is the one recorded in c1150.
Akestede in the Quo Warranto Rolls, 1279.
Ashstede xiv cent.
Asshested xv cent.
Samuel Pepys, in his diary entry of 1663, calls it Ashsted.
Photo of J Cary's map John Rocque's map of Surrey 1768 has it as Asted as does the John Cary's Cary's Survey of the High Roads from London of 1790 & 1801. Whereas in Cary's Actual Survey of the Country Fifteen miles round London of 1800 has Ashted, Ashted Common Fields and Ashted Park.
The description for Thomas Hearne's etching is Ashted Park. Legal documents of 1867 also have it as Ashted. We also see it in the description of John Sell Cotman's etching Ashted Church Yard at British Museum, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and The Victor Batte-Lay Trust Collection. Which is seen in other paintings as the cottage that was once behind St Giles' Church.
Photo of C.E. Johnson postcard of Ashstead It has also been spelt Ashstead as in Edward Mogg's Survey of the High Roads of England and Wales, Planned on a Scale of one Inch to a Mile, Including the Seats of the Nobility and Gentry, and every object, worthy of remark, whether situated on, or contiguous to the Road Volume 1 of 1817. In fact 5 of the 8 current OFSTED reports on Nursery schools give the address as Ashstead with the other 3 having Ashtead! These two spellings seem to have run alongside each other for a number of years. In the 1966 edition of The King's England Surrey by Arthur Mee has the entry as Ashstead, but not only does the introduction refer to Ashtead but the map depicts Ashtead too. The 1959 edition of the RAC Guide & Handbook has the entry as Ashtead, but here the map depicts Ashstead. John Payne Jennings, the famous photographer from around 1900, sometimes uses Ashtead and sometimes Ashstead as his address - even changing in the same book! (Sun Pictures of the Norfolk Broads 3rd edition). Or in adjacent paragraphs (Scenic Beauties of Surrey and Sussex).
Local lore has it that, at one time, the railway station had Ashtead on one platform and Ashstead on the other! Certainly according to Railsale a totem bearing Ashstead was sold in 1999 for £200 and one in 2000 for £150. Very recently the signs displaying parking fees said Ashstead. Even the Parish magazine Ashtead at Christmas 2000 had it spelt wrong on the front page! It was also recently spelt Ashstead on a bus destination blind. One of the drycleaners in The Street continues to use the Ashstead name as they have done so ever since the 1950s.
There is a new road in Ashtead called Astede Place - whether this is to become a new variant is yet to be seen ;-) The name's only historical connections with the village appears to be the Masonic Astede Lodge #4693 originally in Ashtead which Sidney Herbert Willcox, who ran the village dairy at 54 The Street, was involved in founding in 1925. Now in Surbiton

Excellent descriptions of the history of the Ashtead are contained in the books A History of Ashtead, Ashtead : a village transformed and others.

Some Ashtead spellings are also covered in Surrey Archæological Collections Vol. XIX (19), 1906

Some spellings of Ashtead
Ashtead
Ashstead
Ashstede
Ashsted
Ashted
Asted
Astede
Stede
Estede
Akestede
Asshested

May-2006

Sep-2013

Feb-2007

Oct-2008

For spellings Ashted, Ashtead and Ashsted see page about Ashted, Birmingham


Useful links, especially for history & genealogy